No more talking about the problems, frustrations and the state of ICT in education, in this post I would like to propose a process a school can follow for the integration of ICT.
The steps to consider when thinking about ICT integration at your school:
Definition of ICT can be found in the DOE White paper:
Information technology (IT) is a term used to describe the items of equipment (hardware) and computer programmes (software) that allow us to access, retrieve, store, organise, manipulate and present information by electronic means. Personal computers, scanners and digital cameras fit into the hardware category; database programmes and multimedia programmes fit into the software category.
Communication technology (CT) is a term used to describe telecommunications equipment through which information can be sought, sent and accessed – for example, phones, faxes, modems and computers.
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) represent the convergence of information technology and communication technology. ICTs are the combination of networks, hardware and software as well as the means of communication, collaboration and engagement that enable the processing, management and exchange of data, information and knowledge.
Note that not all ICT implications are internet or computers based. This broad definition needs considering when a school defines their “own” ICT vision and mission.
•2. Planning process “He who fails to plan, plans to fail”
Planning is a vital and crucial component in the implementation of ICT and its importance lies also on who was involved in the planning. (Don’t treat planning strictly and be flexible to adopt your plan to changes as you encounter them in the process)
The planning process starts by setting up a steering group comprises of educators, parents’ representatives, lay leaders in your community, experts in the field of ICT.
- i. Define the role and tasks of this group
- ii. Visit schools and have workshops on ICT to ensure your group of people are knowledgeable and well informed regards ICT at schools
- iii. Develop a vision for ICT at your school (based on School’s vision)
- iv. Conduct an ICT audit (infrastructure, software, teachers’ competency skills, survey learners/ parents/ teachers)
- v. Perform a SCOT analysis after data has been collected and analyzed
- vi. identify the gap between your vision and your current status at the school (you may need to adjust your vision based on findings)
- vii. you are now ready to put a plan scheme
•3. Plan scheme for ICT integration “A good plan today is better than a perfect plan tomorrow”
It is a good idea to collate all your findings and thereafter include in your plan scheme : project goals, project’s description (a brief description of activities and actions to be taken to implement ICT at your school) project’s deliverables, outcomes, performance indicators, and time line.
This post is inspired by the following site: http://ictpd.net/techplan/